After face to face learning phase interact with Dr. Paul, now we on Distance Learning Mode/DLM, it is a part of develop self learning and catch up our objective pass the AACE Certification on first attempts and Generate Favourable Return on Training Investment (RoTI). At this moment we implement Tuckman Model for assessment our team look like. Tuckman Assessment is performed since it can be used to identify the team position jointly as well as define leadership style.
- Problem Definition
When create new team, we facing a problem because our team member from different working environment and job desk and even different years of working experience. To facing this situation, we need to mapping our current stage when creating groups or team.
- Identify The Possible Alternative
Regarding to Dr. Bruce Tuckman research, he develop model for forming team, it consist of 4 Phase :
- Phase-1 : Forming
In this phase groups has been created, actually all member team work individually, and team member facing unclear purpose and objective, and less of involvement to achieve project goals.
- Phase-2 : Stroming
On second phase conflict between team member arise, it trigger by all rule of game on team. Team member works but they tend to defend their own opinion, the simple things to identify this phase are the onset of anger, felling of annoyance.
- Phase-3 : Norming
On Third phase, formed a close relationship between team member and set a rule to find the right away of communications. Sign of this phase is team member review and explanation of the team objective, hear each team opinion.
- Phase-4 : Performing
On Fourth phase all team member able to work together, all member have togetherness, confidence, creativity, initiative and goals to success.
Combine with Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership model it shown every stage of Tuckman related to Leadership stage on team. It shown on figure-1.
Figure-1 Tuckman VS Hersey&Blanchard
3. Development of the Outcome for Alternative
Accommodate all different in team member, a Delphi technique use to know phase of team stage.
4. Selection Criteria
A survey who developed by Barkema and Moran, 2013 use to analyze the team phase. The questioner consist of 32 question and fill by team member. The data will be use to determine a stage of Tuckman Model in our model on this time. The highest score represent out team Tuckman phase.
5. Analysis and Comparison of Alternative
Regarding to survey process on all team member, on the table-1 the result of survey shown and table-2 describe rank of team stage based on Pvalue 90.
Tabel-1 Team Survey Result
Tabel-2 Performing Phase on Distribution Selection
6. Selection of the Preferred Alternative
Refer to Table-2 it shown groups stage on Performing phase stage. Matching with figure-1 Tuckman vs Hersey leadership for Performing matching with Delegating. Its meant leader monitor progress and give a trusty to team member achieve goals
7. Performance Monitoring and the Post Evaluation of Result
Routine measurement of organizational conditions shall be do to know organization stage, because the organization stage possibly change. And the task of a leader to make sure everything is running on what should be.
thecoachingtoolscompany.com. (2014). Tuckman’s Team & Group Development Model: What You Need To Know To Get Your New Group or Team Performing Beautifully! Retrieved from https://www.thecoachingtoolscompany.com/get-your-team-performing-beautifully-with-this-powerful-group-development-model/
businessballs.com. (2017). Bruce Tuckman’s 1965 Forming Storming Norming Performing team-development model Retrieved from http://www.businessballs.com/tuckmanformingstormingnormingperforming.htm
Tmandrianto. (2014). W1.2_TMA_Tuckman Assessment Retrived from https://kristalaace2014.wordpress.com/2014/02/28/w1-2_tma_tuckman-assessment/